PPuno is the main gateway town in Peru for exploration of the Lake Titicaca and moving further on by land to Bolivia. It was established back in 1668 as the trading outpost during the colonial times, but not much from that time remains besides the central square – Plaza de Armas de Puno. The rectangular square has the beautiful Puno Cathedral and several brightly colored colonial buildings and cafes surrounding it. The rest of the town is drab and looks like a Brazilian favela. There is also a port and waterfront where countless boats depart onto the Lake Titicaca and beyond to Bolivia.