Ukraine: Wildflowers of Sub-Carpathians

It’s still rather early for spring at the very high levels of the Carpathian Mountains, but the foothills are bursting with color – blue hepaticas, white anemones, yellow buttercups, elegant primulas, and so much more. More specifically the species were: White or wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), Yellow anemone (Anemone ranunculoides), Liverwort (Hepatica nobilis) (one of the earliest spring flowers, with livers resembling human liver), Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis), Spring primula (Primula veris), Simple primula (Primula vulgaris), Spring vetchling (Lathyrus veris), Lesser celandine (Ficaria verna), Cypress spurge (Euphorbia cyparissias), Purple wood spurge (Euphorbia amygdaloides), False Rue Anemone (Isopyrum biternatum), several species of wild violas, Ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea), Periwinkle (Vinca herbacea), and several others I couldn’t identify. Most interesting was the parasitic Common toothwort (Lathraea squamaria), that completely lacks chlorophyllum and is even slightly carnivorous!