Canada/Nova Scotia: Lunenburg
The port town of Lunenburg in the southern shore of Nova Scotia was founded in 1753, after France ceded Nova Scotia to the Brits and the latter needed to establish a major port in the new territories. The small old town is nearly perfectly preserved with all the 18th century architecture and the entire little city is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It was a major fishing port and also a shipbuilding center. The waterfront and the first couple streets near the waterfront are totally picturesque and colorful, and the Fisheries Museum of the Atlantic is definitely worth a visit. The entire area retains the original geometrical street grid and there are a total of around 400 historic buildings from the 18-19th centuries. And there’s some great seafood restaurants here as well.