Egypt: Alexandria – Citadel of Qaitbay
The citadel of Qaitbay in Alexandria is one of the most famous fortresses I. Mediterrainean. Located at exactly the spot where Alexandria lighthouse used to be (one of the old 7 wonders if the world), the fort was immensely strategically important – guarding the entrance to the city of Alexandria. It was built by sultan Qaitbay in the middle 15th century as a stronghold against Ottomans. UNESCO World Heritage site, it’s the pride and joy of Egypt, and is perfectly restored, with crowds of visitors exploring its 3 floors, defensive round towers, subterranean basements, and incredible views of Alexandria and the sea.