Canada/Labrador: Battle Harbor
At one point, Battle Harbor was the capital of Labrador. It was founded as a fishing outpost in 1770 and grew very rapidly into a large permanent settlement, the largest in the entire Labrador (which is obviously not saying a lot). Cod was fished here in insane amounts, salted, and shipped all over the world (bacalau?). Then by the early 20th century cod just disappeared due to overfishing and Battle Harbor slowly got abandoned. Now, it’s a Canadian historical site, manned by a couple rangers and fully restored architecturally to the old glory. The landscapes are incredible – stark and desolate – both from the see level and up from the surrounding hills. There is a museum, a beautiful church, a wharf, and a hiking trail to the cliffs.